Posted in Carolyn Upshaw, Medical

Effects and Management of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes pic
Type 1 Diabetes

Carolyn J. Upshaw is an outdoor enthusiast who enjoys activities such as spelunking, birding, and skeet shooting. In addition to her outdoor pursuits Carolyn Upshaw enjoys participating in charity events, and she takes part in walk-a-thons to benefit the causes of groups like the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation.

Juvenile diabetes is another name for type 1 diabetes, a form of the disease that is diagnosed predominantly in children. When a person develops type 1 diabetes, his or her pancreas stops producing the hormone insulin, which is necessary for the body to control blood sugar levels. Insulin achieves this control by signaling the liver and muscle and fat cells to pull glucose from the blood and store it in these tissues.

The cause of type 1 diabetes has yet to be identified, but medical researchers believe that its manifestation is triggered by both genetic and environmental factors. Though there is no cure for type 1 diabetes, the disease can be managed with carefully measured injections of insulin, or in some cases a controlled infusion of the hormone transmitted through a pump. People living with type 1 diabetes must measure the level of glucose in their blood multiple times a day and adjust their insulin levels to keep blood glucose from becoming dangerously high as well as dangerously low.

Posted in Carolyn Upshaw, Hobbies

Knitting’s Positive Effects on Mental Health

Knitting pic

Outdoor enthusiast Carolyn J. Upshaw is a graduate of Cincinnati Technical School with an associate degree in business management. In her free time, when she isn’t pursuing activities such as mountain climbing or snorkeling, Carolyn Upshaw enjoys knitting.

Knitting as a hobby has seen a rise in popularity in recent years, thanks in part to a surge of interest in the practice among people in their twenties. No matter a person’s age, taking up knitting can have several positive impacts on a person’s mental health.

Perhaps not surprisingly, knitting helps to reduce the symptoms of stress. The practice typically requires a knitter to sit still and focus on performing a few repetitive motions with the hands and fingers, giving the process a soothing, meditative element. Focusing on the task at hand and relying on muscle memory to complete the work can draw one’s attention away from feelings of stress and anxiety.

Knitting has also been shown to play a positive role in preventing cognitive decline in older adults. A study published in 2011 by the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences found evidence that elderly individuals who regularly engaged in crafts like knitting and crochet showed fewer signs of cognitive decline than those who did not participate in such activities.

Posted in Carolyn Upshaw, Sports

An Introduction to the Whitewater Rapid Classification System

Whitewater Rapid Classification System pic
Whitewater Rapid Classification System

Carolyn J. Upshaw, a business management graduate of Cincinnati Technical School, enjoys avid outdoor pursuits. She maintains a wide variety of outdoor interests, from leisurely beachcombing to more adventurous activities like parachuting. Carolyn J. Upshaw is especially fond of canoeing and kayaking.

Any individual planning a river expedition, whether it be by kayak, canoe, or as part of a rafting team, should review the Whitewater Rapid Classification System before setting out. The internationally recognized rating system informs kayakers of the level of physical danger that may be posed by a river, as well as the degree of skill and experience individuals should have before attempting a river. Before reviewing the classification system, individuals must understand that weather or the passing of time can change the rating of a specific waterway, and that most rivers vary from one rating to the next over the course of a run. Similarly, the rating system does not take kayaker enjoyment into consideration, only safety and skill level.

The Whitewater Rapid Classification System begins with Class I and continues through Class VI. Class I rivers have a light current and feature little to no obstructions, such as rocks or fallen branches. Class II and III rivers pose more difficulty, as currents quicken and both obstacles and river width force riders to perform various maneuvers. Class IV rivers are the highest rated rivers that can be attempted by lesser-experienced kayakers, though they are in no way safe for beginners and require scouting beforehand.

Lastly, Class V and VI rapids are reserved for only the most skilled and knowledgeable river enthusiasts. In fact, Class VI rivers are not recognized as raftable by commercial operations. In addition to high, sudden rapids and dangerous obstacles, these waterways are noted for the difficulty involved in rescuing an individual who has fallen overboard. Rivers of both classes require extensive scouting before entering the water.

Posted in Carolyn Upshaw

Warhammer: Age of Sigmar

Warhammer: Age of Sigmar
Warhammer: Age of Sigmar


Carolyn Upshaw enjoys spending time outdoors and participates in outdoor activities such as kayaking and scuba diving. Carolyn J Upshaw also enjoys playing video games like Tetris and is an avid player of the tabletop game Warhammer.

A role-playing strategy game, Warhammer is filled with fantasy battle scenarios and has a wide range of players from different generations. The original fantasy game began more than 30 years ago, but the creators brought it to a close and created a new incarnation of the game, known as Warhammer: Age of Sigmar.

Warhammer: Age of Sigmar changes the format of the game from the original rival world empires similar to works created by authors like JRR Tolkien to a more distinct, established universe. The most obvious change is the Stormcast Eternals faction, an elite force whose duty is to serve the god Sigmar. The Stormcast faction is similar to Warhammer’s earlier Space Marines. Age of Sigmar includes other races from the original Warhammer such as the hordes of undead and the rat-like Skaven.

Posted in Carolyn Upshaw, Hobbies

The Benefits of Knitting

Knitting pic

Carolyn J. Upshaw is a practitioner of crafts, and she possesses significant knowledge and experience in a variety of disciplines. Among these various skills, Carolyn Upshaw is an accomplished knitter.

Knitting is a wonderful hobby that allows an individual to not only learn a new skill, but create something in the process. In addition to the joy that hand-crafting an item can bring, research also indicates that knitting can have a positive impact on a person’s physical and mental well-being. Here are some ways that knitting has been shown to be helpful.

Researcher Dr. Herbert Benson, who studies the link between the mind and the body in health and wellness, says that the repetition of activities such as knitting can help lead a person into a meditative state. Once a person is comfortable enough to knit without much thought, they then go into “auto-pilot” mode, which can lead to a state of mind that reduces stress and lowers cortisol levels in the blood.

Additionally, people who are suffering from chronic health conditions or are otherwise disabled can see a boost in self-esteem from activities such as knitting. As they begin devising a plan of how they will knit a piece of clothing, they can be inspired to plan other healthy activities for their life as well.

Researchers at the University of British Columbia also found in 2009 that women who suffer from anorexia nervosa showed significant improvement in their battle against the disease when they were taught how to knit. Nearly three-quarters of the 38 women involved in the study reported that knitting lowered their fear levels and gave them something else to focus on.

Posted in Carolyn Upshaw, Medical

Pancreatic Beta Cell Replacement Research

Beta Cell Replacement pic
Beta Cell Replacement

A trained business administrator, Carolyn J. Upshaw currently devotes a great deal of time to her hobbies and charity work. Participating in several walk-a-thons on an annual basis, she most recently walked five miles in support of the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF). Carolyn Upshaw’s contributions to the JDRF are particularly important to her because several of her loved ones suffer from diabetes.

JDRF is the leading organization in the world that focuses exclusively on fighting type-1 diabetes. Among its various scientific studies, JDRF sponsors comprehensive beta cell replacement research.

Grouped into clusters of tissue called islets, beta cells are responsible for producing insulin in the pancreas. By replacing these cells in diabetic patients, researchers are working toward a future in which insulin shots will no longer be necessary.

Beta cell islet transplants have yet to achieve widespread popularity because not enough islets are currently available and transplant recipients must take powerful drugs that weaken the immune system. However, encapsulated beta cell replacement therapies have the potential to overcome both these obstacles.

Posted in Carolyn Upshaw, Hobbies

Knitting Tips for Beginners

Knitting pic

Having graduated in 1987 from Cincinnati Technical School in Pennsylvania, Carolyn J. Upshaw holds an associate’s degree in business administration. In her leisure time, Carolyn Upshaw enjoys participating in a number of hobbies, including knitting.

Knitting can be a wonderful and fulfilling pastime. For those looking to take up the hobby for the first time, there are some things to keep in mind that can help you get off to a great start. Here are three helpful tips for beginners to knitting.

Don’t get overwhelmed by the sheer amount of knitting supplies available. Focus on buying a few different types of needles and then experiment to see which ones you enjoy working with the most. Get comfortable with the actual process of knitting, and learn the basic techniques before spending a lot of money on different supplies that you may not end up using.

On the subject of cost savings, start out with less expensive yarns. As as a beginner, it is likely to be common to rip out stitches and make other knitting mistakes. This means that the yarn, more than likely, is going to be frayed and stretched. Consider your first yarns a training ground in this respect. You may be tempted to buy fancier, more expensive yarns, but it’s important to stick with more budget-friendly yarn while learning.

Lastly, don’t be afraid to watch YouTube tutorials on performing certain techniques. Some people are better able to learn when they can watch in real time how a stitch is performed. While books are an important learning tool, watching tutorial videos can sometimes help bridge the gap between the concepts in the book and the actual practice of implementing them.

Posted in Carolyn Upshaw, Hobbies

Bonsai Care Tips for Beginners

Bonsai Care pic
Bonsai Care

In her free time, Carolyn J. Upshaw pursues a variety of outdoor hobbies. An avid gardener, Carolyn J. Upshaw enjoys planting and cultivating bonsai trees.

The first step to growing a bonsai tree is to acquire a specimen. You will need to decide whether you wish to grow the tree indoors, in which case you will need a sub-tropical variety, or outdoors.

You will also need to choose whether you would like to cultivate a ready-grown bonsai or a pre-bonsai, which includes tree material you can shape yourself. Starter kits are also available, though some intrepid gardeners opt to take the three to five years necessary to grow a tree from scratch.

When your tree is ready for shaping, you will need to learn to prune. The most successful pruning uses concave cutters, which allow wounds to heal fastest. You can begin pruning by removing all but one branch growing at the same height and cutting away any branches that are unusually twisted or that grow thickly at the top of the tree.

Pruning is generally most successful during the spring and summer. All year, however, you will need to be careful to keep the tree in direct light and water it as needed. While summer is also the ideal time for feeding the plant, fertilizer helps keep it healthy through winter and spring.