Carolyn J. Upshaw is an outdoor enthusiast who enjoys activities such as spelunking, birding, and skeet shooting. In addition to her outdoor pursuits Carolyn Upshaw enjoys participating in charity events, and she takes part in walk-a-thons to benefit the causes of groups like the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation.
Juvenile diabetes is another name for type 1 diabetes, a form of the disease that is diagnosed predominantly in children. When a person develops type 1 diabetes, his or her pancreas stops producing the hormone insulin, which is necessary for the body to control blood sugar levels. Insulin achieves this control by signaling the liver and muscle and fat cells to pull glucose from the blood and store it in these tissues.
The cause of type 1 diabetes has yet to be identified, but medical researchers believe that its manifestation is triggered by both genetic and environmental factors. Though there is no cure for type 1 diabetes, the disease can be managed with carefully measured injections of insulin, or in some cases a controlled infusion of the hormone transmitted through a pump. People living with type 1 diabetes must measure the level of glucose in their blood multiple times a day and adjust their insulin levels to keep blood glucose from becoming dangerously high as well as dangerously low.